The Comparative Studies of Body Composition and Lipid Profiles of Tribal and Non-Tribal Children of 10-16 Years Age Group
Sports talent may be identified among the children at their early childhood when they show interest in different sports. To identify athletic potentiality, body composition and lipid profiles have an importance because they represent the health and metabolic status of the athletes, which relates with the performance level of the athlete. Various factors like socio-economic condition, diet, physical activity may reflect on these variables.Three fifty male children of 10-16 yrs volunteered for this study, were divided into 2 groups- (a) tribal (n=175) and (b) non-tribal (n=175); and again divided into 7 sub-groups having 25 children in each group: (i) 10 yrs, (ii) 11 yrs, (iii) 12 yrs, (iv) 13 yrs, (v) 14 yrs, (vi) 15 yrs, (vii) 16 yrs. Body composition and lipid profiles were measured. Significantly higher (P<0.05) higher body mass, body fat, TC, TG, LDL-C; lower (P<0.05) HDL-C were observed in non-tribal children when compared to Tribal children. Identification of children at early stage of their growth and development may produce elite athletes in the future. It has been seen that tribal children have significantly better body composition and lipid-lipoprotein profile than non-tribal children. It can be suggested that more emphasis should be given on the tribal children for identification of potentiality and talent in sports.
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